In December, nearly 200 nations met in Paris and unanimously agreed, in historic fashion, to a shared goal of keeping the world well below 2 degrees Celsius of warming. In order to achieve that, the participating nations each put forth a broad set of goals, known as Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs), and agreed to a number of provisions included in the text of the Paris agreement itself.

Agriculture, which accounts for nearly a third of global greenhouse gas emissions, was not mentioned in the body of the Paris agreement. And a new study suggests that agriculture might be falling short of what is really needed to achieve the goals set forth in Paris.

According to the study, published Tuesday in Global Change Biology, in order for the world to have a chance of staying below 2 degrees Celsius by 2100 — the goal of the Paris agreement — the agricultural sector would need to ramp up mitigation to the point that, by 2030, it is reducing emissions by 1 gigaton a year. Unfortunately, the study found, current mitigation strategies in the agricultural sector only get the world between 21 and 40 percent of the way toward what is required to keep the planet well below 2 degrees Celsius.

That means that emissions reductions from sectors like transportation or energy won’t be enough to keep the world below 2 degrees Celsius — the agricultural sector will need to considerably ramp up its investment in, and deployment of, technology to help farmers and food producers mitigate their own emissions.

“We’re going to need investment in technologies that can double that amount, while maintaining food security — things like methane inhibitors for cattle, or inhibitors of nitrification in soil,” Meryl Richards, an agroecologist with the University of Vermont and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), told ThinkProgress.

Unfortunately, those technologies aren’t ready to be implemented yet, but Richards noted that creating new technologies is only part of the battle for mitigating agricultural emissions.