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Legislative Efforts to Regulate GE Food & Crops in the USA

Legislation under consideration or previously under consideration (City &
State) regarding Genetically Engineered Food & Crops in the USA (Partial
List 11/00)

CALIFORNIA:
Active Legislation
1. Vandals that destroy Genetically Modified crops must pay twice the
amount of the cost of the damage.
2. Mandatory labeling of packaged food containing at least 1% genetically
engineered material.
3. Task force to decide whether genetically modified foods should be served
in public schools.
4. Resolution passed through San Francisco Commission on the Environment
encouraging support of federal level bills as well as granting preference
to organic in city purchasing, awaits full vote by city council.

NEW YORK:
Active Legislation
1. Mandatory labeling for milk that is produced by cows that are fed growth
hormones. Introduced March 16, 1999. Contact State Assemblyman Clarence
Norman, Jr. (518) 455-5262.
2. Five-year moratorium on the sale an planting of genetically engineered
seeds. Contact Sarah Johnston, Executive Director, NOFA New York, (518)
922-7937.

MINNESOTA:
Active Legislation
1. Five-year moratorium on the sale and cultivation of genetically
engineered seeds.
2. Bill placing liability on seed companies in the event of the
contamination of non-GM crops. Past Legislation
3. H.B. 3973 prohibiting the sale of genetically engineered food unless
labeled, and providing for penalties and remedies. Not carried over after
adjournment, May 17, 2000.
4. S.B. 3638 prohibiting the sale of genetically engineered food unless
labeled, and providing for penalties and remedies. Not carried over after
adjournment, May 17, 2000.
5. H.B. 2614 regulating the use of genetically modified organisms. Not
carried over after adjournment, May 17, 2000.
6. H.B. 3820 establishing liability for the spread of certain genetically
modified organisms; specifies damages. Not carried over after adjournment,
May 17, 2000.
7. City Council resolution passed in Minneapolis encouraging support of the
federal level bills on safety testing and mandatory labeling; encourages
sourcing of organic products in city purchasing and public schools.
Contact Renske van Staveren at rvanstaveren@iatp.org or 612.870.3423


HAWAII:
Active Legislation
1. Resolutions mandating that all genetic engineering be reported to the
state, and ensuring its responsible use based on the success of the
technology for the papaya industry.

Past Legislation
1. H.B. 540 Making an appropriation for the study of the spread of
genetically modified organisms or their genes during field testing. Passed
February 17, 1989.
2. S.B. 726 Requiring an environmental assessment for the proposal to
release within the state a genetically modified organism that has been
altered at the molecular or single cell level. Passed March 11, 1993.

MAINE:
Active Legislation
1. Labeling for genetically engineered food. Introduced January 26, 1999.
Contact Representative Martha Bagley, (207) 225-6567.
2. Statewide referendum on labeling slated for November 2001. Contact Tyler
Studds, mainerighttoknow@acadia.net.

Past Legislation
1. Labeling for genetically engineered food. Not carried over after
adjournment, October 24, 1997. Contact Representative Chartrand.
2. Labeling for genetically engineered food. Voted down in committee, March
30, 1995. Contact former Representatives Heeschen and Ault.
3. Labeling for genetically engineered food. Voted down in committee, March
24, 1994. Contact former Representative Titcomb.

MARYLAND
Active Legislation
1. Ban of Terminator Technology.

Past Legislation
1. Prohibits use of rGBH and other growth hormones; requires labeling of
genetically engineered foods. Voted down in committee, March 22, 1999.
Contact Del. Tony Fulton, (401) 366-5133.



Compendium of State Legislation on Genetically Engineered Foods (cont'd)

NEBRASKA
Active Legislation
1. Seed company liability in the event of the contamination of non-GM crops.

Past Legislation
1. Labeling for genetically engineered food. Not carried over after
adjournment, April 14, 1998. Contact Senator Jennie Robak, (402) 471-2715.
2. L.B. 959 Relating to crop damage and genetic engineering. Defines terms;
provides a cause of action for certain crop damage; repeals the original
sections; and declares an emergency. Not carried over after adjournment,
April 12, 2000.

MICHIGAN
Active Legislation
1. H.B. 5399 Mandatory labeling of packaged food containing at least 1%
genetically engineered material. Referred to House Committee on Agriculture
and Resource Management.

MISSISSIPPI
Active Legislation
1. Institution of a system to track all sales of non-GM seeds.

VERMONT
Active Legislation
1. Mandatory labeling of agricultural inputs produced with the use of
genetic engineering, including seeds. Introduced January 5, 2000. Contact
Senator Cheryl P. Rivers, (802) 234-5803.
2. Planting moratorium bill was reduced to farmer notification, passed by
Senate Agriculture Committee 2000, and subsequently held up by Senate
Finance Committee. Contact Ellen Taggert, ruralvt@sover.net.
3. H.B. 382 Directing the University of Vermont to study the consequences
of genetically engineered crops and livestock on Vermont agriculture.
Carried over to Adjourned Session of 1999-2000 Biennium. 4. H.B. 567
Requesting the University of Vermont study the impact of genetically
engineered crops and livestock on Vermont agriculture.

Past Legislation
1. Labeling for genetically engineered food. Introduced February 26, 1993.
Contact former Representative Christiansen.

Compendium of State Legislation on Genetically Engineered Foods (cont'd)

IOWA
Past Legislation
1. S.B. 2189 Prohibiting a person from selling or offering to sell
genetically modified crop seed if the person includes in the sale price any
charges associated with genetically engineering the seed; provides
exceptions; sets violation code and punishment for violation. No carryover
after adjournment, April 26, 2000.

OKLAHOMA
Active Legislation
1. Task force to decide whether genetically modified food should be served
in public schools.

WEST VIRGINIA
Past Legislation
1. S.B. 605 Requiring foods free from genetically modified components and
pesticides served in schools. Not carried over after adjournment, March 19,
2000.
2. S.B. 150 Relating to Plant Pest Act; permits compliance agreements;
includes genetically modified organisms within the definition of plant pest
since technological changes mandate the capability of the Department to
protect public health. Passed April 3, 1991.

NEW HAMPSHIRE
Active Legislation
1. H.R. 291 proposing a statewide ban on the importation or sale of Seed
Sterilization, or "terminator," technology. Sent to three-year study
committee. Contact Christina Grimm, NH Health Freedom Coalition, (603)
472-2233.

Past Legislation
1. H.R. 1209 proposing mandatory labeling for foods that contain
ingredients derived from plant seeds that have been treated resulting in
artificially heightened immunity to any pesticides or herbicides. Failed to
pass House. Contact Representative Harold V. Lynde (603) 635-7215.
2. H.R. 221 proposing mandatory labeling for milk products known to contain
genetically engineered growth hormone. Failed to pass full vote March 25,
1999. Contact Representative Sandra B. Keans (603) 332-3472.
3. Mandatory labeling for milk products known to contain genetically
engineered growth hormone. Not carried over after adjournment, June 25,
1997. Contact former Representative McCarley.
4. Mandatory labeling for milk products known to contain genetically
engineered growth hormone. Failed to pass full vote, March 15, 1995.
Contact Representative Pamela Coughlin (603) 673-0998.
Compendium of State Legislation on Genetically Engineered Foods (cont'd)

PENNSYLVANIA
Active Legislation
1. H.R. 453 urges Congress to enact legislation requiring the labeling of
genetically engineered food. Introduced April 11, 2000. Referred to House
Committee on Intergovernmental Affairs.

TEXAS
Past Legislation
1. H.B. 55 Relating to the release of genetically modified organisms.
Prohibits the release of a genetically modified organism unless the person
prepares and files an environmental impact assessment. Defines a
"genetically modified organism" as an organism that has been altered at the
molecular or single-cell level, including an organism changed or created
through recombinant DNA techniques or other similar genetic engineering
techniques. Passed January 30, 1995.
2. City Council of Austin passed a resolution in support of the federal
level bills encouraging mandatory labeling and safety testing.

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